Search over 170 recommendations from America’s Power Plan and other important resources on the power transformation. These refreshed recommendations highlight a path toward smart U.S. electricity policy based on today’s thinking and new realities.

Choose from the terms below to begin your search. Sort recommendations by their subject area, by the decision maker most often responsible for implementing them, or select one of each to further narrow your search. For each recommendation, the tool identifies all relevant stakeholders to facilitate coordinated action.

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Recommendations

Subject Area
Overview
Decision Maker
Federal Land Managers, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Energy Offices

Reduce siting conflicts by using explicit, pre-set criteria; ensuring access to the grid, respecting landowner rights, engaging stakeholders early, coordinating among regulatory bodies, and providing contract clarity. Read More

Subject Area
Overview
Decision Maker
Congress, Governors, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Mitigate investor risk by adopting stable, long-term policies and regulations with low impact on the public budget. Financial policies should be predictable, scalable, and affordable to public budgets, and efficient for investors. Read More

Subject Area
Overview
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Utilities

Employ electricity markets to align incentives with the desired outcomes, such as rewarding greater operational flexibility.  Open long-term markets for new services such as fast-start or fast-ramping. Read More

Subject Area
Overview
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Before investing in technical fixes to the grid, first make operational changes that reduce system costs, enable more renewables, and maintain reliability.  For example, coordinate between balancing areas, dispatch on shorter intervals and use dynamic line rating to make the most of existing transmission lines. Read More

Subject Area
Overview
Decision Maker
Governors, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Move away from rate-of-return regulation; use performance-based regulation that gives utilities the freedom to innovate or call on others for specific services. Separate the financial health of the utility from the volume of electricity it sells. Read More

Subject Area
Overview
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Create investor certainty and low-cost financing for renewable energy by steadily expanding Renewable Electricity Standards to provide a long-term market signal. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Overview
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Support distributed generation by acknowledging customers’ right to generate their own energy, by charging them a fair price for grid services, and by paying them a fair price for the grid benefits they create.  Set a clear methodology for allocating all costs and benefits. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Energy Offices, State Legislatures, Utilities

Examine successes and failures of markets in the East and California to leverage knowledge about what policies work for market design, governance, and deployment.  Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Utilities

Continue to virtually and physically consolidate operations and markets to reduce costs.  Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Require utilities to fully evaluate ratepayer benefits of participation in regional markets as part of the normal course of resource planning and rate cases.  Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Governors, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Energy Offices, State Legislatures, Utilities, Utility Stakeholders

Fully participate in current regional stakeholder processes regarding consolidation of operations and market development, and start dialogues where they do not currently exist. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Power Markets
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Utilities

Make information on anticipated market prices available continuously, to any connected intelligent device, anywhere, as inexpensively as possible. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Enable dynamic transfers (virtual transfers of control for specific resources over certain times) between balancing authorities. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Expand Order 888 to include additional ancillary services such as load following, frequency response, inertial response, black-start capabilities, and voltage control. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Approve consolidation of balance areas. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Ensure consistent cost allocation and cost recovery methodologies for comparable demand-side and centralized generation investments. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Assess the need for new services that may arise as renewable production grows (e.g., capability markets or alternative dispatch rules). Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Adapt capacity markets to capture the value of resource flexibility, or adopt forward markets for specific system services, or both. Pilot market mechanisms that would help provide the business case, if any, for investment in either grid-scale or distributed sources of time shifting services. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Allow third-party aggregators full access to markets. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Closely monitor and aggressively enforce competition in the market. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Ensure that all markets (e.g., energy, ancillary services, capacity) and market-makers (e.g., utilities, energy service companies) include both demand- and supply-side options. All options—central and distributed generation, transmission, efficiency, energy storage, and demand-response—should compete with one another to provide electricity services. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Strengthen the obligation to explore distributed resource solutions— such as energy efficiency and demand response—that may be more cost-effective. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)

Expedite the approval process for balancing authority consolidation or expansion. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs

Institute day-ahead markets for ancillary services where they don’t currently exist. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Approve dynamic line rating (re-rating of transmission capacity based on system conditions) for transmission line owners. Make it clear that capacity will be limited under peak conditions. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs

Adopt operating reserve demand curves to adjust energy market price caps to account for the availability of operating reserves, especially in regions without capacity markets. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Transition to sub-hourly dispatch and transmission scheduling. Where needed, specify automatic generation control in new power purchase agreements. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs

Co-optimize reserves with energy in real-time markets. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs

Create rules, metrics, and standards for allowing efficiency to compete in capacity markets where they exist. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Use Federal Power Act authority to set standards for communicating wholesale market price information to all devices. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Develop tools for forecasting net demand and establishing the value of critical services. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Utilities

Integrate high-quality weather forecasting into supply and demand forecasts every 2-6 hours, and adjust commitment and dispatch schedules accordingly. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Open an exchange for grid services across multiple balancing authorities where none exists (an “energy imbalance market”). Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Remove barriers to cost-effective demand response (e.g., restrictive demand charges, rules against aggregation, or rules against payment at the locational marginal price). Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Expose the value of automatic generation control services; make sure market rules enable renewables to provide them. Read More

Subject Area
Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Allow demand response to participate in capacity, energy, and ancillary service markets on equal footing with supply-side resources. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Automakers, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Provide special incentives to customers in return for utility-controlled “vehicle-to-grid” (V2G) charging. Ensure electric vehicle warrantees are compatible with provision of grid services and other non-driving functions. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC)

Create a multi-stakeholder taskforce to evaluate and establish best practices and guidelines for the evaluation of distributed resources, to create consistency across regions and provide support to individual PUCs and other stakeholders. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures, Utilities

Use pilot programs to let utilities experiment with incenting and operating distributed storage and other emerging distributed energy resources in the most valuable locations on the grid.  Set clear metrics for evaluating performance of each pilot projects. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Allow independent microgrids to transact with wholesale markets and provide services at the points of interconnection with the bulk grid. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Congress, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Allow smaller resources to bid into wholesale markets for all energy services (capacity, energy, and ancillary services). Allow aggregation of distributed resources. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Enable and encourage delivery, utility support, and investment in microgrids that offer grid benefits. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Work with appropriate stakeholders to explore more unbundled, time- and location-varying prices that 1) balance needs for simplicity, accuracy and fairness, and 2) collectively send appropriate behavioral and value signals to customers. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Incorporate microgrids into utility and ISO/RTO grid-planning processes. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Congress, Department of Energy (DOE)

Support national laboratories’ development of new methods that simplify and streamline analysis of distribution feeders. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Ensure that all markets (e.g., energy, ancillary services, capacity) and market-makers (e.g., utilities, energy service companies) include both demand- and supply-side options. All options—central and distributed generation, transmission, efficiency, energy storage, and demand-response—should compete with one another to provide electricity services. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Congress

Amend the Federal Power Act to allow cost recovery for distributed energy resources through a FERC-jurisdictional rate where these measures are found to provide lower-cost alternatives to transmission. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Develop and implement a transparent, consistent framework for the evaluation of distributed resources that encompasses the full range of public and private costs and benefits relevant to these resources. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Cities, Counties

Streamline permitting procedures to match best practices. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Allow distributed energy resources to contribute to microgrid services. Develop policies and rate structures that fairly distribute the costs and benefits of islandability between service providers and beneficiaries. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Energy Offices

Conduct modeling and scenario analysis to assess the implications of different combinations of distributed and centralized renewable resources to achieve a high-renewables electricity future. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Require utilities to regularly issue public reports on planned transmission and distribution upgrades. Plans should include cost per kW, the characterization of reductions for deferral, and timeline. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Use Federal Power Act authority to set standards for communicating wholesale market price information to all devices. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Require utilities to simplify and speed inspection and interconnection processes subject to meeting safety requirements. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Power Markets
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Utilities

Make information on anticipated market prices available continuously, to any connected intelligent device, anywhere, as inexpensively as possible. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Require access to data on distribution system utilization and marginal costs of expansion to support the evaluation of distributed energy resources. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Develop incentive and financing programs for smart devices that are comparable to those in place for other energy efficient technologies, including on-bill financing. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Require utilities to implement integrated distribution plans to provide transparency with respect to planned distribution network costs and allow competition from distributed resources. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Overview
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Support distributed generation by acknowledging customers’ right to generate their own energy, by charging them a fair price for grid services, and by paying them a fair price for the grid benefits they create.  Set a clear methodology for allocating all costs and benefits. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Assess the need for new services that may arise as renewable production grows (e.g., capability markets or alternative dispatch rules). Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Utilities

Allow aggregators that manage electric vehicle charging to compete to provide energy and ancillary services to the grid. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Power Markets
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Allow third-party aggregators full access to markets. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Ensure interconnection rules allow for and conform to intentional islanding standards set per IEEE 1547.4. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Increase the granularity of the rates as customer sophistication and enabling technologies allow more real-time price-responsive behavior. Implement innovative rate structures across a service territory if found to strike a proper balance between customer sophistication and cost causation. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Ensure that the same long-term cost recovery available to utility-scale generation is available to aggregated distributed energy resources that compete to meet bulk system needs. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures, Utilities

Adopt the Green Button data disclosure protocol created by the DOE, now in use in California.  The Green Button initiative gives utility customers easy access to their electricity consumption data in a standard data file that can be shared with third-party developers. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Promote and fund rate pilot programs, smart grid infrastructure investments, and consumer engagement that improve understanding of how customers respond to rates that better represent the cost of service. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources
Decision Maker
Congress, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), ISOs and RTOs

Require that regional transmission planning processes entertain distributed energy resources even when there is not a specific transmission project to compete against. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Consider alternative ways to deliver the performance portion of utility revenues, aside from adjustments to rate of return, keeping in mind direct shareholder incentives (or, better yet, “shared savings” programs where some incentive goes to the shareholder and some flows back to the customer) may provide the most direct connection to intended performance.  Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Consider the difference between the cost of equity and the current return on equity. This is the money motivating shareholders and utility management, and represents the existing or baseline incentive for performance against which future incentives should be measured.  Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities, Utility Stakeholders

Research the benefits of excellent performance for each measured outcome to estimate total benefits. This value should set an upper bound for the incentives offered to utilities that deliver these values.  Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Financial Analysts, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Improve estimates of the utility cost of equity to reflect the minimum markup on money received from shareholders. This value should set the lower bound for the return on equity allowed to utilities.  Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities, Utility Stakeholders

Engage stakeholders to consider which customer- and societal-values are most important for the regulated electric sector, driving toward quantitative metrics for performance in each category. This Synapse handbook provides examples of quantifiable metrics for utility performance.  Read More

Subject Area
System Optimization, Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Congress, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Build continuous improvement into policies and/or use an iterative approach – don’t lock into policy that assumes future prices, technologies, or capabilities.  Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utility Stakeholders

Develop metrics and measurements and utility reporting to account for progress. Add incentives where measurement and reporting show strong links between performance and desired outcomes. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
State Legislatures

Set policy that encourages performance-based regulation to increase consumer benefits, reduce investment risks and costs, and require “pay for performance” from utilities. Lessen formal procedural requirements that impede open communications among commissioners, and between commissions and utilities and stakeholders, consistent with requirements of administrative due process. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Financial Analysts

Ask utility managers questions about what new business models they are considering when they report their financial position and prospects. Ask: are they active in ways that increase transparency and reduce risks that can be recognized in investment terms? Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Utilities

Establish policy dialogues that addresses stakeholder interests in new utility business models. Include regulators as key stakeholders in the success of utility transition to new ways of doing business and making money to deliver new products and services. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Financial Analysts

Encourage utilities to plan more effectively to reduce risks to their largest-scale investments. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Utilities

Help to quantify financial impacts from new challenges facing utilities and to estimate what financial gains might be available from new opportunities presented by new services and technologies. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Financial Analysts

Inquire about what utilities are doing to rationalize their policy setting to be more consistent with public interests and what steps they are taking to engage with their stakeholders to find settlements and agreements leading to new utility business models and supporting regulatory structures, among their other financial and regulatory risk management strategies. Ask: Are meeting customers’ needs and society’s policy requirements reflected in their business plans? How? Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Utilities

Provide information about what incentives utilities need to provide superior performance to meet new outcomes demanded by customers, public policy, and stakeholders. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Financial Analysts

Support and participate in policy dialogues that encourage utilities to innovate to address current challenges. Ask: will more certainty about challenges and how to address them lead to less investment risk? Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Utilities

Treat innovating customers as opportunities to construct new value propositions that support new service offerings and technologies and provide new sources of revenue and profits, rather than treating innovating and early adopter customers as financial threats to business as usual. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Governors

Appoint knowledgeable utility commissioners. Consider appointing veteran utility commission staff. Enlist former commissioners to develop a list of qualified candidates for commissioner. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Utility Stakeholders

Consider whether a utility provided with new incentives to address stakeholder values and meet stakeholder requirements would be likely to provide more value for stakeholders’ money than a utility with business as usual incentives. Take more responsibility for defining and supporting outcomes that meet your needs. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Governors

Charge commission appointees to give their fullest possible consideration to factors that support new utility business models and regulatory reforms that support them. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Increase the granularity of the rates as customer sophistication and enabling technologies allow more real-time price-responsive behavior. Implement innovative rate structures across a service territory if found to strike a proper balance between customer sophistication and cost causation. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Governors, State Energy Offices

Speak out about the challenges utilities face, about their value to society, about their need to change and innovate, and encourage dialogue among utilities, commissioners, and stakeholders about the transition issues now facing utilities. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures, Utilities

Adopt the Green Button data disclosure protocol created by the DOE, now in use in California.  The Green Button initiative gives utility customers easy access to their electricity consumption data in a standard data file that can be shared with third-party developers. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Governors, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Energy Offices, State Legislatures

Assess opportunities for new policies that encourage performance incentive approaches to utility regulation. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Energy Resources, Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Promote and fund rate pilot programs, smart grid infrastructure investments, and consumer engagement that improve understanding of how customers respond to rates that better represent the cost of service. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), President

(From Powering Forward) Direct DOE’s four Power Marketing Administrations and the Tennessee Valley Authority to develop and demonstrate the policies and practices necessary for electric utilities to incorporate renewable energy and distributed generation into their rates, infrastructure and management practices. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), President

(From Powering Forward) Direct DOE’s National Laboratories to provide research and expert testimony at public utility commission hearings to help identify and resolve issues related to the integration of renewable energy in rate structures, new utility revenue models, and true integrated resource planning. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Governors, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Energy Offices, Utilities

Assess whether current approaches to utility regulation are sufficient to address current industry challenges.

Ask:

  • Will regulatory “business as usual” be able to provide comprehensive and coordinated solutions across issues facing utilities today and in the future?
  • Could regulation provide better incentives for utility performance on traditional goals, such as adequacy and reliability of service, cost, and environmental performance?
  • How will today’s regulation lead utilities toward constructive responses to new challenges that require innovation, such as new technology, cyber security, and storm damage recovery?
  • Is current regulation improving utility responses to rapidly changing consumer preferences?
  • Does the commission have a practice of creating new policy in its regulatory work, or does it respond to policy leadership from executive and legislative branches? If the latter, what policy ideas should be considered?
  • What policy, financial, market, and operational considerations, constraints, and opportunities need to be analyzed to determine an appropriate role for utilities going forward? Should utilities play a central role in providing new technologies and services, or an enabling role for other providers? What is the extent of the regulated utilities’ roles in terms of markets and market participation?
  • What trends are evident among these factors that suggest potential for progress toward new utility business models and regulation that supports them?
  • What are the planning considerations now used by regulated utilities? Could consumers be spared future risks if these considerations and utility planning were more comprehensive? What if planning focused more on risk management? If planning provided investors with more certainty and less regulatory risk, would capital costs be impacted?
  • What do consumers want? Has consumer research segmented consumer requirements beyond “residential, commercial, industrial” or “firm and non-firm” service classes? What role does consumer satisfaction play in utility profitability? Are utility profits linked to consumer requirements? How?
  • Have required utility outputs been defined? What standards are in place? Has utility performance on existing standards been adequate? Have existing standards been linked to metrics and measurements, and to incentives?
  • What metrics and measurements are used, or could be used in regulating utilities?
  • What new outputs need to be described? What metrics and measurements and incentives and penalties would be required to focus and reward utility endeavors with regard to new outputs?
  • Who are the stakeholders, those with a stake in regulatory outcomes sufficient to require their inclusion in discussions and consensus about changing how to achieve those outcomes?
  • What’s the state of communications among those engaged in regulation? Are communications open, constant, and broad ranging? Or are they limited to taking positions in formal litigated cases? What are opportunities to improve amounts and quality of communications in the regulatory process?
  • Have utility monopsony incentives been analyzed? Have these incentives been regulated in the public interest? How?
  • If commission time and resources are constrained, is there potential to reorient priorities away from case and dispute resolution and toward long-term policy and planning?

Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Governors, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Energy Offices, Utilities

Consider fundamental questions:

  • What outcomes does society want from electric utilities?
  • What roles should utilities play in future markets?
  • Which incentives for outcomes should law and regulation provide?
  • Which policies and regulations need to be modified to provide desired incentives?
  • Can utilities’ clean energy strategies become their most profitable courses of action?

Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
State Legislatures

Be prepared to take more responsibility—all stakeholders will need to know what outcomes they want, what performance they would support, and how to measure progress. Enter negotiations, compromise, and support settlements to provide new performance and incentive regulation for utilities. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
State Legislatures

Provide sufficient budget and personnel support for utility commissions aimed at encouraging regulation that fosters new utility business models. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Governors, State Legislatures

Encourage state agencies as utility consumers to provide evidence in utility commission proceedings that advances new utility business models and supporting regulatory reforms. Read More

Subject Area
Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Utilities

Seek to provide improved value for consumers’ money. Support pilot programs and demonstration projects to test new products, services, and regulatory processes. Commit to help establish balanced and thoughtful long-term public policy as part of the setting in which to do business. Use risk aware planning to reduce regulatory uncertainty with the goal of reducing capital costs and equity risk premiums. Read More

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Expand the scope of avoided cost pricing for qualified facilities to better capture benefits of distributed generation, including avoided transmission and distribution capacity costs. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Incorporate locational value into wholesale procurement assessments via a locational marginal price adder or a location-specific interconnection incentive. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Streamline bid processes for market-based procurement. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
Cities, Counties, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Adopt Shared Renewables programs using bill credit mechanisms. Enable flexible ownership models for shared renewables, including third-party ownership. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Design wholesale procurement mechanisms with long time frames (5-20 years) to support procurement of the output of new distributed generation facilities. Allow distributed generation aggregators to participate in wholesale markets. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Adopt best-practice interconnection procedures. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Adopt Integrated Distribution Planning to compare distributed generation and distribution system upgrades on equal footing with each other, and with other demand- and supply-side options. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Create system mapping tools and pre-application reports to highlight the lowest-cost and highest-value locations for DG projects. Publish clear timelines for project development. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Define a standard interconnection procedure. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Enable systems that fail the penetration screen to interconnect without an in-depth study if they pass additional screens examining their effect on power quality, voltage, safety, and reliability. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs

Conduct forward-looking studies for circuits likely to achieve high penetrations of distributed generation. Read more

Subject Area
Distributed Generation
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Design retail electricity rates that consider long-run marginal costs and avoid rate structures that create disincentives for end-users to invest in distributed generation. Read more

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), President

(From Powering Forward) Direct DOE and DHS to work with industry to identify resilient pathways for transmission infrastructure. Read More

Subject Area
Siting, Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Transportation (DOT), Railroad Regulators, State/Federal Highway Regulators

Use existing rights of way for new transmission projects or upgrades. Read More

Subject Area
Siting, Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Transportation (DOT), Railroad Regulators, State/Federal Highway Regulators

Prioritize existing rights of way for transmission siting. Study the compatibility between each project’s technical needs, jurisdictional challenges, and the existing right of way. Quantify the economic benefits of using existing rights of way when feasible. Read More

Subject Area
Siting, Transmission
Decision Maker
Developers

Include payments for siting (overcoming environmental and cultural impacts) in transmission costs. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), ISOs and RTOs, National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Embrace updated scope and analysis of transmission benefits to include the value of meeting public policy goals; linking and consolidating balancing areas; increasing reserve sharing; reducing the total variability of renewable resources, loads and conventional generators by aggregating larger areas; accessing higher quality renewable resources; and enabling the price reduction from renewable resources withnear-zero marginal costs. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
State Authorities with Right to Approve

Accelerate the permitting and approval process for priority transmission lines. Read More

Subject Area
Siting, Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Interior (DOI), Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs), State/Federal Authorities with Right to Approve

Get a head start on identifying and approving likely corridors before a specific project manifests. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), ISOs and RTOs, State Legislatures

Fund a demonstration project that illustrates the efficiency gains for the bulk transmission grid from deployment of advanced power flow control technologies. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), ISOs and RTOs

Improve cost and benefit estimates for new lines (see LBNL, others). Deliver estimates to FERC and PUCs. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)

Expedite the approval process for balancing authority consolidation or expansion. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Build on Order 1000 to prioritize transmission that delivers renewable energy and to further mitigate risks for inter-regional projects. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Approve dynamic line rating (re-rating of transmission capacity based on system conditions) for transmission line owners. Make it clear that capacity will be limited under peak conditions. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Clarify that regional transmission expansion plans may allocate costs for projects that anticipate installation of future generators, if the projects use scarce rights of way or serve location-constrained generation. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Transition to sub-hourly dispatch and transmission scheduling. Where needed, specify automatic generation control in new power purchase agreements. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Consider whether transmission providers have taken steps to minimize integration costs (e.g., cooperating with other balancing areas, using dynamic scheduling, or opening energy imbalance markets) before deciding how much ancillary service cost should be assigned to new variable resources. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Maintain incentive rates for new lines in competitive markets. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs)

Make sure lines being built have the right capacity. “Right size” them to enable more capacity in the future. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Prioritize inter-regional lines that connect or increase capacity between balancing areas. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Allow incentive rates of return on investments in advanced grid management technologies, such as synchrophasers, automated grid operations, transfer capacity rating systems, and strategically placed hardware (e.g., flywheels, capacitors) that cost-effectively addresses voltage fluctuations throughout an interconnection. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
ISOs and RTOs

Seek good faith collaboration on inter-regional lines. Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), President

(From Powering Forward) Ensure that Quadrennial Energy Reviews connect the dots between the systems integration work at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s (FERC) work on the transmission system.  Read More

Subject Area
Transmission
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Take care of distributional effects via clear procedures for allocating costs and comprehensive evaluation of benefits. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

Develop harmonized energy use labels for appliances and vehicles, coordinated with building labels that show discrete “categorical” energy efficiency ratings that have been shown to be most effective with customers. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Federal Agencies

Apply innovative best practices to government buildings and vehicle fleets; demonstrate cost-effectiveness of efficiency improvements on federal buildings. Make all cost-effective efficiency improvements to federal buildings using private financing and public funds. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Congress

Adjust commercial and industrial accounting for depreciation schedules to more accurately reflect the (shorter) average lifetimes of equipment and measures, encouraging investments in new equipment that can boost energy productivity. Consider accelerated or bonus depreciation to encourage modernizing capital stock. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Congress

Implement permanent federal tax incentives that promote energy efficiency. Strengthen qualifying criteria, amounts, and durations to ensure tax incentives focus on the highest efficiency technologies and measures and on promoting innovation and market transformation. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Congress, Department of Energy (DOE)

Accelerate ambition of energy efficiency standards for electronics, industrial equipment, and other products when justified by the energy savings. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE)

Convene public and private stakeholders to develop, assess, describe, and recommend best practices on evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) approaches. DOE should also provide technical assistance to states to facilitate adoption of these approaches and protocols. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Congress, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Where applicable, adopt utility rate structures (e.g. revenue decoupling) that remove financial disincentives to use end-use energy efficiency resources that benefit customers and create earnings opportunities. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Enable customers to access their energy usage data and to authorize third parties to access their data (e.g. “Green Button”). The rules and procedures should ensure effective privacy protections and address legacy data systems. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Ensure that demand-side management programs are available to all customers, including low-income customers. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs)

Set energy savings and demand reduction goals based on the available cost-effective potential, measure progress toward the goals, and provide incentives to achieve them. Include incentives to adopt smart grid technologies that unlock demand-side resources. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
State Legislatures

Require disclosure of standardized energy usage information in commercial buildings and at time of sale or rental in residential buildings to increase consumer awareness. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Cities, State Legislatures

Steadily and aggressively increase the stringency of building energy codes with quick adoption and effective compliance measures. Deploy the resources needed to achieve full compliance with the codes. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Install smart grid infrastructure that increases energy productivity, including demand-side management, providing customers with detailed use information, and improving system efficiency through better voltage control. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), State Energy Offices, Utility Stakeholders

Convene financial institutions, rating agencies, energy efficiency program evaluators, and others in the private sector to work with federal agencies to foster a secondary market for energy efficiency financial obligations. This includes drafting uniform contract language, underwriting guidelines, and energy efficiency data requirements to allow for both sufficient scaling and risk quantification for potential investors. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency, Finance
Decision Maker
Cities, State Legislatures

Use municipal debt to finance projects through commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (“PACE”), consistent with the rights of primary lenders. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), President

Work with states to clarify and implement greenhouse gas standards for power plants under Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
Internal Revenue Service (IRS), President

(From Powering Forward) Request that the IRS issue a revenue ruling that Real Estate Investment Trusts can invest in renewable energy. In addition, encourage the IRS to determine whether it has the authority to qualify renewable technologies for Master Limited Partnerships in the tax code. Read More 

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
President, State Treasurers

(From Powering Forward) Convene state Treasurers and launch a state/federal partnership to align state and federal loan programs with the goal of maximizing private capital investment in renewable energy. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
Congress, U.S. Treasury

Transition from private to public equity by making renewable energy eligible for new corporate structures, such as Master Limited Partnerships and Real Estate Investment Trusts. Read More

Subject Area
Efficiency, Finance
Decision Maker
Cities, State Legislatures

Use municipal debt to finance projects through commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (“PACE”), consistent with the rights of primary lenders. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
Congress

Continue access to public equity markets through beneficial treatment of dividends as capital gains. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures, Utilities

Allow long-term contracts for distributed energy resources that reduce system costs. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
Congress

Make permanent or provide long-term extensions of the critical tax credits, and explore possible revisions to the credits such as taxable cash incentives or refundability. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures, Utilities

Clarify rate structures for distributed energy resources so that they create transparent and stable price signals. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
Congress

Re-authorize Clean Renewable Energy Bonds. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
State Legislatures

Provide low-cost project debt through state green banks. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
Congress, Department of Energy (DOE), Governors, State Energy Offices

Enable securitization of project debt. Any green bank should also work to enable securitization, similar to Fannie Mae’s function in the housing market. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
President

(From Powering Forward) Champion parity for renewable energy with fossil energy as part of tax reform. The objective is not to make the code more complex, but more fair. Direct the appropriate agencies to review other elements of federal fiscal policy to identify and reform policies that encourage greenhouse gas emissions. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
President

(From Powering Forward) Clarify that federal agencies can enter into power purchase agreements for periods of up to 25 years. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
President

(From Powering Forward) Develop methods for accurately counting the full costs of various energy choices, including pollution and health care costs that have been “externalized” in the past. Use these methods to establish priorities for federal support of energy resources and direct it to the “best of the above” rather than “all of the above”. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
President

(From Powering Forward) Direct the DOE to study federal, state and private data to determine the extent to which renewable energy investments raise the market value of homes and businesses. If the study verifies that benefit, direct federal mortgage agencies to factor it into the terms of their loans. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
President

(From Powering Forward) Expand the use of ESPCs to finance micro-grids, distributed generation projects and other proven but underutilized energy technologies that result in operational and maintenance savings. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
President

(From Powering Forward) Request that the Comptroller of the Currency make clear that community banks will be credited under the Community Reinvestment Act for financing renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
President

(From Powering Forward) Work with states to reallocate $2 billion in unused Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for investments in renewable energy projects. Read More

Subject Area
Finance
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), President

(From Powering Forward) Work with trusted messengers in rural America to promote full use of the Department of Agriculture’s new loan guarantee program for renewable energy projects by rural electric utilities and their customers. Read More

Subject Area
System Optimization
Decision Maker
Congress, Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Request that cost and deployment studies test a wider range of cost assumptions to understand sensitivities and ensure policy isn’t being set based on out-of-date information.  Use meaningful variations in exponential rates to bracket uncertainty, and to mitigate against the natural human tendency to think in terms of linear extrapolations.  Read More

Subject Area
System Optimization
Decision Maker
Congress, Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

When considering cost or deployment projections for rapidly evolving technologies, insist that the most recent publicly available data be used, or at least analyzed as a scenario.  Hold consultants accountable for presenting numbers more representative of the current real-world information.  Use multiple sources to triangulate.  Read More

Subject Area
System Optimization, Utility Business Models
Decision Maker
Congress, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Legislatures

Build continuous improvement into policies and/or use an iterative approach – don’t lock into policy that assumes future prices, technologies, or capabilities.  Read More

Subject Area
System Optimization
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE)

Continue working with regional and interconnection-wide planning and reliability entities to take advantage of DOE research and development products. Ensure that these entities consider emergent technology, grid coordination, and operational advancements in their regional planning efforts as non-transmission alternatives (NTAs) under FERC Order 1000. Read More

Subject Area
System Optimization
Decision Maker
Congress, Department of Energy (DOE), Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Continue providing funding for research and development on variable resource integration and energy storage applications to improve understanding and demonstration of technology solutions to support variable renewable generation. Read More

Subject Area
System Optimization
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), Utilities

Develop guidelines and interconnection standards that require both communications and full grid interaction ability of devices that provide services to the grid. Develop the ability to model distributed supply availability on par with demand forecasting. Read More

Subject Area
System Optimization
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities, Utility Stakeholders

Work with industry to define the architecture of the next generation of energy management and demand management systems that improve coordination and optimization between bulk and distribution grids. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Interior (DOI), Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), State Energy Offices

Use data from regional planning processes and Smart from the Start principles in choosing transmission solutions (such as in Order 1000 planning), renewable energy zones, development sites and federal energy corridors. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Cities, Counties, Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Interior (DOI), Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), State Energy Offices

Consider renewable energy generation and transmission development and siting simultaneously. Develop clear siting criteria where zones are not possible. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Department of Interior (DOI)

The DOI and its BOEM should prioritize data gathering, research and monitoring for marine and avian wildlife populations, behavior, and migration—both baseline and related to wind energy development. This research should be immediately initiated and incorporated into environmental assessments used to establish Wind Energy Areas. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Department of Interior (DOI)

The DOI through BOEM should require more open stakeholder participation as part of the intergovernmental task force processes for Wind Energy Area identification as part of the BOEM Call for Nominations. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), Counties, Department of Energy (DOE), State Energy Offices

Complete and implement a transmission pre-application process to shorten National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance timelines. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Cities, Congress, Counties, Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Interior (DOI), State Energy Offices

Create and maintain national cultural and environmental conflict risk data and mapping capabilities to support federal, regional, and state-level generation and transmission siting. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
State Energy Offices

Neighboring states with renewable energy resources and transmission needs should act to harmonize siting requirements and explore the possibility of creating interstate compacts for this purpose and to facilitate regional planning for renewable energy transmission. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Congress, Department of Energy (DOE), Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Facilitate the participation of non-traditional stakeholders in regional and federal (FERC Order 1000) transmission planning by providing financial support to stakeholder representatives. Read More

Subject Area
Siting, Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Transportation (DOT), Railroad Regulators, State/Federal Highway Regulators

Use existing rights of way for new transmission projects or upgrades. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Congress, State Energy Offices

Redefine FERC backstop siting authority to apply to lines selected through and whose costs were allocated in Order 1000 planning. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Developers, Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), Utilities

Promote and execute agriculture mitigation agreements between private agricultural landowners and developers to address accommodations for agriculture and land repair during and after construction. Agreements should include provisions for micro-siting. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE)

Research and report on strategies to make grid assets more resilient. Work with other federal agencies to inventory and characterize vulnerabilities and lessons learned from existing resilience projects. Identify and assess other strategies to assure the continued provision of critical social services during outages. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Utilities

Go beyond statutory limits to invest in early and effective outreach. Make sure to communicate fully not only to affected landowners but important community stakeholders that are trusted and respected in the region. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Department of Energy (DOE), Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)

Adopt the use of environmental and cultural risk screens in federal corridor designation processes required under EPAct 2005 and federal transmission planning efforts, such as the implementation of FERC Order 1000. Read More

Subject Area
Siting, Transmission
Decision Maker
Developers

Include payments for siting (overcoming environmental and cultural impacts) in transmission costs. Read More

Subject Area
Siting, Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Transportation (DOT), Railroad Regulators, State/Federal Highway Regulators

Prioritize existing rights of way for transmission siting. Study the compatibility between each project’s technical needs, jurisdictional challenges, and the existing right of way. Quantify the economic benefits of using existing rights of way when feasible. Read More

Subject Area
Siting, Transmission
Decision Maker
Department of Interior (DOI), Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs), State/Federal Authorities with Right to Approve

Get a head start on identifying and approving likely corridors before a specific project manifests. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Power Marketing Administrations (PMAs), State Energy Offices, Utilities, Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC)

Fully use available planning processes to identify issues early that will need to be addressed when a project enters siting consideration. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Governors, State Energy Offices

States should consider the establishment of a one-stop siting agency for large energy and transmission projects. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Department of Interior (DOI), ISOs and RTOs, State Energy Offices, Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC)

Add grid optimization to siting criteria or the renewable zone formation process. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
President

(From Powering Forward) Direct DOE and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to develop model policies that help state utility commissions adapt to regional climate impacts. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
Public Utility Commissions (PUCs), State Energy Offices

Approve developer and utility costs to work with Landowner Associations, employ Tender Offer Taking, allow for annual payments, and make Good Neighbor Payments. Enable condemning authorities to create Special Purpose Development Corporations. Read More

Subject Area
Siting
Decision Maker
State Energy Offices

Enable local governments to implement a self-assessment policy. Read More